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Lesson V

Avoid Unnecessary Interventions
Educational Video

Care in Normal Birth: A Practical Guide - The World Health Organization (summary only - full report not required for course completion)

Avoid Interventions that are Not Medically Necessary - Healthy Birth Practice #4 - Lamaze International

Informed Consent and Informed Refusal - Childbirth Connection

Routine Ultrasound in Late Pregnancy (after 24 Weeks' Gestation) - Cochrane Review

Evidence-Based Maternity Care: What It Is and What It Can Achieve - Childbirth Connection

Cascade of Intervention in Childbirth - Childbirth Connection

Obstetric Myths Versus Research Realities: A Guide to the Medical Literature - Henci Goer (not required for course completion)

Amniotomy For Shortening Spontaneous Labor - Cochrane Review

Antenatal Perineal Massage for Reducing Perineal Trauma - Cochrane Review

Enemas During Labor - Cochrane Review

Episiotomy for Vaginal Birth - Cochrane Review

Routine Perineal Shaving on Admission in Labour - Cochrane Review