Writing an Interactive Birth Plan

An interactive birth plan is most simply, a list of preferences for your birth experience, from environmental conditions to new baby care. It's critical to note that a birth plan is a statement of preferences, not a dictation of terms. It is essential to remain open and flexible to change should circumstances dictate it, especially in a first time pregnancy. As the end of pregnancy nears, birth plan choices should be discussed between the mother, care provider and birth companion.

This sample birth plan includes all possible sections which could be addressed. However, it is vital to create an individual birth plan rather than copying a sample, as the process of researching options and deciding on preferences is a main benefit. It increases god consumerism in pregnancy and assures that informed choices are being made throughout each stage of labor. The process of writing a birth plan can be an extremely useful tool in discovering birth choices that many families may not have previously considered. Typical sections of an interactive birth plan could include:


This refers to the people present during the birth, including your preferences for residents, interns or students if birthing in a teaching hospital.


This section includes what routine procedures should or should not be performed. It can include such things as enemas, routine pubic shaving, and clothing for labor. If you prefer to wear a comfortable shirt vs. a medical gown, here's where you state it. You also might want to add any allergies or pertinent medical conditions so that the nursing staff is made doubly aware. You can also list your preference for no IV or a saline lock or heplock. If shaving or enemas are not routinely performed, then there is no need to list them.


This section of the interactive birth plan should include such items as:

Environmental Conditions
-Choices for lighting, quiet vs. loud environment, background music, filming or photography.

Positions/Activity Level
-Preferences for walking vs. lying in bed.

Pain Relief
-Include any childbirth preparation methods - Hypnobirthing, Lamaze, Bradley, etc.
-Detail other choices such as massage, breathing, counter-pressure, birth ball, shower/tub, etc.

-Indicate whether or not you want the choice of food or beverages like ice chips, fruit juice or light snacks. This section of your interactive birth plan can be somewhat controversial as some care providers or hospital policies forbid food during labor in the event a c-section is performed. However, research supports that adequate nutrition during labor is essential and should be allowed as the mother wishes.

Fetal Monitoring
-Choose from external, internal or intermittent fetal monitoring or telemetry where available.

Internal Exams
-Here you indicate your choices for internal exam frequency.

Method of Elimination
-Decide if you prefer to walk to the bathroom or have a catheter.

Labor Augmentation
-List your opinions on medical vs. natural methods and time limits for labor and such interventions as rupturing of membranes.

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This section of your interactive birth plan includes any or all of the following items:

-This section includes preferred positions for pushing-squatting, side-lying, all fours, standing, rocking chair, shower, kneeling, etc and any desired support equipment like squatting bar, tub, kneelers, pillow, wedge, etc.

Pain Relief
-Again specify your choices and whether you want medication to be offered unless you request it.

-Indicate what methods of preserving the perineum you prefer: massage, hot compresses, etc.
-Decide on tearing vs. episiotomy, pressure episiotomy and/or local anesthesia.

Expulsion Techniques
-Include preferences for time limits, positions, and self-directed vs. guided pushing, as well as choice of forceps over vacuum extraction if needed. 

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Decide who will cut the cord and whether to delay routine procedures. Also if nursing, you may indicate that you want to put the baby immediately to the breast.

In this section of your interactive birth plan, specify your preferences for spontaneous vs. assisted placental delivery, perineal care, fundal massage and routine administration of pitocin or other drugs.

Choose to room-in with baby or nursery care. Also decide whether to take calls or visitors and your desired length of stay. If the baby is a boy, you may discuss circumcision here.

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Immediate Care
-Indicate if you'd like bathing, weighing, etc first or to delay it and bond.

-If nursing, you may want the baby right to the breast and prohibit supplementation like pacifiers or sugar water.

-Specify preferences for suctioning.

Newborn Procedures
-Indicate choices for location of early baby care and the  procedures-bathing, wiping down, etc.

Eye Care
-Routine procedures can be delayed to allow form more bonding time and non-irritating choices can be given.

-Indicate preference for incubator or holding the baby

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Contingency Plans

In this section of your interactive birth plan, be sure to also include sections for cesarean delivery, including options for epidural vs. spinal, staying with the baby, and incision type. 

Following this, you should include a section for baby complications, including prematurity. If the baby requires a transfer to a NICU, state your wishes for holding and visiting the baby. 

At the conclusion of your interactive birth plan, it is imperative that you have your provider sign and date it. Without this signature, it will carry less weight and possibly is more likely to be ignored by medically-minded nursing staff. Also, be sure to carry multiple copies in case there are shift changes, etc. 

Remember to advocate for yourself. Your interactive birth plan is the perfect way to do so. It's also crucial to discuss your preferences with your birth companions to ensure that if you can't speak for yourself, your voice is still heard.

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Page Last Modified by Catherine Beier, MS, CBE

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